In BMC Performance Manager, a set of files, knowledge modules (KM) are files from which a PATROL Agent receives information about resources running on a monitored computer. A KM file can contain the actual instructions for monitoring objects or simply a list of KMs to load. KMs are loaded by a PATROL Agent and a PATROL Console.
KMs provide information for the way monitored computers are represented in the BMC TrueSight console, for the discovery of application instances and the way they are represented, for parameters that are run under those applications.
A PATROL Console in developer mode can change KM knowledge for its current session, save knowledge for all of its future sessions, and commit KM changes to specified PATROL Agent computers. A KM file contains the source code for a BMC PATROL application.
PATROL Agent discovers applications using instructions provided by the Knowledge Module for OpenStack (KM). The instructions provided by the KM include application discovery rules that you have defined. When PATROL Agent discovers an application, it represents the application with an icon either in the icon window for the monitored computer on which it runs or in an application window specified for all application instances of that class. You can add a new application class to PATROL Agent so that it will find all future instances of that application running on monitored computers. PATROL Agent periodically runs application discovery to discover new applications and to verify that previously discovered applications and files are still there. If an application or file previously discovered is not found, PATROL Agent triggers an alert, either audible or visual, for the missing resource. Application discovery rules are defined using either
An application in PATROL is any resource used or running on a computer. BMC PATROL for OpenStack has a basic set of applications that monitor events such as monitoring log files. Each running copy of an application discovered by PATROL is called an instance of the particular application class.
Application classes are the object classes to which an application instances belong; also, the representation of the class as a container in UNIX or folder in Windows on the PATROL Console. It is a logical grouping of individual applications, while an application group is a logical grouping of application instances. You can use the developer functionality of a PATROL Console to add or change application classes. Within PATROL, you use application classes to define the attributes of all instances within an application class (global settings), or the attributes of a single application instance that has been customized (local settings). In BMC TrueSight Operations Management, monitor types are similar to application classes. Monitor types are a way of classifying the data that is to be collected.
In BMC ProactiveNet and TrueSight Infrastructure Management, monitoring profiles are profiles to which the monitor types you want to enable are associated. Each solution contains multiple monitoring profiles and help to reduce unnecessary monitoring. Each monitoring profile is associated with a group of monitor types. The monitor types that belong to a profile are pre-determined. You cannot add or remove monitor types from a profile.
A monitoring solution is a pre-defined set of metrics that monitor the health and performance of a specific device or service. BMC monitoring solutions are composed of monitor types and attributes or metrics.
Parameters are the monitoring elements of a PATROL knowledge module. Parameters are run by the PATROL Agent, they periodically use data collection commands to obtain data on a system resource and then parse, process, and store the data on the computer that is running the PATROL Agent. Parameters can display data in various formats, such as numeric, text, stoplight, and Boolean. Parameters have thresholds and can trigger warnings and alarms. In BMC ProactiveNet and TrueSight Operations Management, attributes are similar to parameters. Attributes classify monitor types into types of data.
The BMC PATROL for OpenStack KM product has the following types of parameters: