This documentation supports the 20.08 version of BMC Discovery.

To view an earlier version of the product, select the version from the Product version menu.

The goal of BMC Discovery is to automate asset discovery and identify systems in the network and obtain relevant information from them as quickly as possible and with the lowest impact, using a variety of different tools and techniques to communicate.

Release notes and notices
updated 04 Dec





Consult the following table for a list of notices and information about updates to BMC Discovery.

Tip

To stay informed of changes to this list, click the  icon on the top of this page.

Related release notes

BMC CMDB


Date
TitleSummary
November 17, 2020Patch 1 (12.1.0.1) for version 20.08Issues that were corrected by this patch and issues that remain open.
September 15, 202020.08

This release of BMC Discovery provides the following enhancements:

For additional information about this release, refer to the following topics:


Note

The BMC Discovery Outpost displays the Self-Help and Task List panes when you log in for the first time. These panes, which provide guided assistance and links to help topics, are currently available only for BMC Helix Discovery users, not for on-premises BMC Discovery users. Therefore, you must disable this feature in the Manage > Configuration screen of the BMC Discovery Outpost. For more information, see Configuring the BMC Discovery Outpost.

Note

You can upgrade to version 20.08 only from versions 11.3.x or 20.02 (12.0). For information about supported upgrade versions, see Upgrading.



Getting started

 

Intended for anyone who is starting to evaluate, use, or deploy BMC Discovery.


Planning

 

Plan an installation based on recommended sizing and system requirements, performance tuning and benchmarks, and licensing entitlement. 

Security

 

Provides information for security teams with the information required to verify the security of BMC Discovery and enable network administrators to run BMC Discovery in their environment.

BMC Discovery Outpost

 

Provides information about BMC Discovery Outpost, the application software that runs as a lightweight Windows service on a dedicated Windows server in your data center or on a public cloud for discovery of all types of devices. 

Installing

 

Information about installing the product and migrating product data.

Upgrading

 

Perform pre-upgrade tasks, upgradeBMC Discovery, Windows proxies, and BMC Discovery Outpost, and perform post-upgrade configuration.

Integrating

 

Integrations with other products.

Using

 

Introduction to the standard pages and methods of navigating the BMC Discovery UI.

Administering

 

Information required to manage and maintain BMC Discovery.

Developing

 

Information for developers describing the TPL and node lifecycle.

Troubleshooting

 

Details of possible problems and how to solve them.

Configipedia - BMC Discovery content reference

 

Provides information about the products that BMC Discovery can discover and the level of information it can obtain. Configipedia also contains information about monthly TKU updates.

Communities

Communities


Knowledge Base

Knowledge Base


Videos

Videos


Education

BMC Training and Certification



PDFs and videos

 

This topic describes and links to the ready-made PDF of this space. If the ready-made PDF of this space do not satisfy your requirements, you can export a custom PDF.


Videos

The following table lists topics that contain videos that supplement the text-based documentation.

TopicDuration (in minutes)Description
Version 20.08 (12.1) videos
Tour of BMC Discovery 20.08 UI06:44

https://youtu.be/WgrgHNhtge0

This video explores the BMC Discovery 20.08 user interface and provides an overview of the powerful features you can use to discover and manage your IT infrastructure.

Introduction to Start Anywhere Application Modeling02:42

https://youtu.be/q9uuqr70S7M

This video introduces start anywhere application modeling (SAAM) in BMC Discovery. SAAM enables you to choose any entry point, or points, into an application, and begin modeling from there.

Removing nodes and creating rules in visualizations03:26

https://youtu.be/Y8ayBxJve30

This video shows you how to remove nodes from visualizations and to create rules to automatically prevent certain node types from displaying in visualizations and application models.

Managing related, removed, and suppressed nodes in visualizations02:15

https://youtu.be/qZdQb3cd4nA

This video helps you to understand how to manage related, removed, and suppressed nodes in visualizations.

Resynchronizing a CMDB connection05:17

https://youtu.be/6Vjw9hXyGGg

This video explains the options available for resynchronizing a CMDB connection and how to resume an interrupted sync.

How to manage credentials in BMC Discovery 20.0807:33

https://youtu.be/cBQDu27eI0E

This video explains how you can add, edit, test, and manage credentials. You can also explore the functioning of credential vaults and learn how to close, open, export, and import the vault.

Scanning your IT infrastructure in BMC Discovery 20.08 and BMC Helix Discovery07:19

https://youtu.be/taftkk5Xnqw

This video explains how you can scan your IT infrastructure for endpoints in BMC Discovery 20.08 and BMC Helix Discovery. You can learn how to perform snapshot and scheduled scans for IP addresses and cloud resources.

Version 11.2 videos
Launch presentation for BMC Discovery 11.212:15

https://youtu.be/ITv8fxL0w3g

This video gives an overview of discovering cloud services through BMC Discovery 11.2.

Discovering cloud services in BMC Discovery 11.205:07

https://youtu.be/B-8eSv7MQIQ

This video explains how to discover cloud services and perform cloud discovery in BMC Discovery 11.2.

Query generation in BMC Discovery05:25

https://youtu.be/XVEYQSOHXLc

This video helps you to understand how query generation in BMC Discovery takes place. This feature of query generation is applicable to both versions of 11.1 and 11.0 of BMC Discovery.


Frequently asked questions


This section provide answers to frequently asked questions about BMC Discovery.



 What is the performance impact of running BMC Discovery?

Running BMC Discovery has a minimal impact on your environment. The discovery techniques used are non-intrusive, lightweight, and agent-free.

 What can BMC Discovery discover in the network?

BMC Discovery is IP-based and can discover any host system with an IP connection including servers, workstations, network nodes, printers, wireless access points, and so on. In actuality, though, we aim BMC Discovery at datacenter discovery, and it is optimized to that purpose. For this reason, we do not explicitly support more client-side items, such as wireless access points, workstations and so on. Any support for those that does exist is a side effect of our support for server-side discovery, and we are unlikely to invest in improving it.

 What discovery techniques do you use?

BMC Discovery uses a range of discovery techniques where appropriate. These include:

  • Network scanning (looking for services on well-known TCP and UDP ports on IP-reachable machines).
  • Remote command execution (looking at specific processes running on each node, querying package managers, and querying established inter-process communications mechanisms).
  • SNMP (MIBs provide a rich source of management information).
 Will any network security need to be disabled for the discovery process?

Obviously, the BMC Discovery appliance must be able to reach the network in order to discover hosts. However, various methods of providing secure access are possible without disabling firewalls and access control policies, including using VPN tunnels and using Windows proxy for BMC Discovery appliances. Some IDS systems might identify certain activities (such as port scans) as suspicious.

 What is the impact of my applications running on platforms that are not supported by BMC Discovery?

The discovery process will identify endpoints on such computers if they are visible from other hosts. You will need to complete details of programs running on them manually, though it might also be possible to categorize some of the components of the applications running on the unsupported platform either by which port it, or its counterpart, is listening on.

 Can the product introduce any risk into my network or application infrastructure?

To provide a clear picture of your total IT infrastructure, BMC Discovery will actually reduce risk in your network by allowing you to weed out rogue elements that do not meet corporate policy, are out of date, or provide potential security holes. 
The BMC Discovery discovery process uses standard techniques that do not de-stabilize elements of the infrastructure. 
Since there are always risks with deploying new technology, BMC's implementation plan involves analyzing areas of potential risk and achieving the right balance of risk and reward. BMC's test plan is also aimed at minimizing risk, ideally including testing in the customer's test environment.

 Do I need to install any software on other computers?

The BMC Discovery ethos is agent-free management. BMC does not believe the logistical challenges associated with having an agent on every node is justifiable, so no BMC Discovery-specific software needs to be installed on other computers. The BMC Discovery user interface is entirely web-based.

 Why is agent-free discovery so important?

Agent-based discovery relies upon a level of control of asset deployment that does not exist in most businesses. It also implies a significant cost overhead to maintain agents on each platform, including approving, testing and deploying the agents. Finally, agents might not be available for the range of target platforms that your organization uses. We use standard techniques that have individually been authorized and deployed.

 Does BMC Discovery integrate with other products?

Yes, BMC Discovery integrates with the following products:

  • Rest APIs: The REST API is intended to be used by a script or program that wants to interact with and control a BMC Discovery appliance from a remote machine.
  • Export APIs (CSV and XML): The BMC Discovery Exporting discovered data using the CSV and XML APIs enable users to interrogate the datastore using a script or program, and receive data back as a stream of text, an empty string, or a return code. 
  • CyberArk Enterprise Password Vault: CyberArk Enterprise Password Vault (CyberArk Vault) is a third-party application, which enables you to centrally manage credentials for the various systems that are installed in your environment. BMC Discovery provides an integration with CyberArk Vault to obtain credentials that are required to perform scans.
  • BMC CMDB: BMC Discovery can synchronize discovered data to BMC CMDB using CMDB synchronization.
  • BMC Remedy Single Sign-On: BMC Remedy Single Sign-On (BMC Remedy SSO) is an authentication system that supports various authentication protocols such as LDAP and provides single sign-on for users of BMC products.
 How do I reset the BMC Discovery user password?

If you forget your user interface (UI) password to log in to BMC Discovery, you can reset the password at the command line.

The tw_passwd utility enables you to change the password of a specified user interface user. To use the utility, enter the following command at command prompt:

tw_passwd username

where username is the name of the UI user to change.

For example:

[tideway@DE-32 ~]$ tw_passwd fred
New password:
Retype password:
Password set for user 'fred'.
[tideway@DE-32 ~]$

Note

The tw_passwd utility is for changing UI users' passwords. To change the passwords for command line users, as the root user, use the Linux command passwd. This is described in Changing the root and user passwords

 I'd like a PDF of just selected information. How can I get that?

The BMC Documentation portal gives you the ability to generate PDF and Microsoft Word documents of single pages, and to create PDF exports of multiple pages in a space.  

Creating PDF and Word exports

You can create a PDF of a page or a set of pages. (Non-English page exports are not supported.) You can also create a Word document of the current page.

To export to PDF or Word

  1. From the Tools menu in the upper-right, select a format:
    • Export to Word to export the current page to Word format.
    • Export to PDF to export the current page or a set of pages to PDF.


  2. If exporting to PDF, select what you want to export:
    • Only this page to export the current page.
    • This page and its children to export a set of pages.

For example, selecting This page and its children from the home page exports the entire space to PDF.

Depending on the number of topics included in the export, it might take several minutes to create the PDF. Once the export is complete, you can download the PDF.

BMC Discovery Outpost FAQs 

This section provides answers to frequently asked questions about BMC Discovery Outpost.

BMC Discovery Outpost planning and architecture

 Do I need to use the BMC Discovery Outpost after upgrading to 20.x (12.x)?

It is not mandatory to use the BMC Discovery Outpost after upgrading from BMC Discovery version 11.x to 20.x (12.x). We recommend that you complete the upgrade and confirm that BMC Discovery is working as expected. You can then evaluate if using the BMC Discovery Outpost makes discovery more efficient in your environment. 

 Do I have to replace my proxy with the BMC Discovery Outpost?

The proxy functionality is embedded in the BMC Discovery Outpost. You need not always replace the proxy with the BMC Discovery Outpost. Windows proxies will continue to be available even after you upgrade your version of BMC Discovery. In some cases, it may be appropriate to replace a proxy with the BMC Discovery Outpost.

 Can I replace a scanner with the BMC Discovery Outpost?

The BMC Discovery Outpost includes all the front-end functionality of a scanning appliance, so in some cases it can be used to replace a scanner. However, the BMC Discovery Outpost does not perform back-end functions, such as reasoning. BMC Discovery Outpost must be connected to an appliance (scanner or consolidator) for performing these functions.

The most common use of the BMC Discovery Outpost is within an isolated network segment. The BMC Discovery Outpost has only a single connection to its connected appliance through port 443, so only one port needs to be opened on the firewall. Also, you can configure a BMC Discovery Outpost to use a web proxy.

 Can I replace a consolidator with the BMC Discovery Outpost?

The BMC Discovery Outpost does not perform consolidation and so you cannot replace a consolidator with the BMC Discovery Outpost. However, BMC Discovery Outposts can connect to and provide data to a consolidator.

 Can the BMC Discovery Outpost use an existing Windows proxy?

No, the BMC Discovery Outpost creates its own Windows proxies as needed.

 How many BMC Discovery Outposts do I need?

This depends on your IT environment. In general, you need one BMC Discovery Outpost per isolated network segment. No specific performance tests have been done in this regard. 

The system can balance the load across multiple BMC Discovery Outposts in a limited or static way. The system initially balances the load, and eventually remembers which endpoints went to which Outpost and tries to send that work to the same Outpost. Because the system does not adjust the balancing, the load will not be processed if an Outpost goes down. Also, a new Outpost will not receive any existing endpoints as work, but only new ones.

To work around this, re-register the Outposts, which resets the balancing. Alternatively, use Outpost or IP range restrictions to control where the workload goes.

 How many hosts or devices can I scan from a single BMC Discovery Outpost? For example, I want to replace a scanner currently scanning 10K OSIs with Outpost(s).

The number of hosts and devices that you can scan depends on many variables, including the size of the scanned hosts or devices. Also, a single BMC Discovery Outpost may be sufficient for a small Discovery cluster, but not a large one.

BMC Discovery Outpost usage and configuration

 Can I still scan from the appliance though I have installed the BMC Discovery Outpost?

Yes, you can scan from the appliance, but the scan will fail if the appropriate credentials are not present on the appliance. 

 Can I use the BMC Discovery Outpost to scan cloud resources?

Yes, you can use the BMC Discovery Outpost to scan cloud resources provided the appropriate credentials are configured, and the resources to be scanned are available or visible from the Outpost.

 How do I configure BMC Discovery Outposts for different scan ranges? What is the difference between specifying which Outpost to use for a particular scan versus setting IP address restrictions on the Outpost itself?

If you specify an Outpost to be used for a particular scan range, BMC Discovery uses only that Outpost. If a scan is directed to a specific Outpost, and that Outpost has IP address restrictions, then the scan of those restricted IPs will fail.

If you specify only IP address restrictions, BMC Discovery directs the scan to an Outpost that does not have those restrictions.

If you are using scopes, specify a particular Outpost. Otherwise, use IP address restrictions where necessary and allow the system to select the Outpost.

 Which ports are required to connect BMC Discovery with an Outpost, and is the communication between them uni-directional or bi-directional?

Communication is always from the BMC Discovery Outpost to the BMC Discovery appliance or instance. Communication is never initiated by the BMC Discovery appliance or instance. 

Communication between the BMC Discovery Outpost and the BMC Discovery appliance or instance is always sent over HTTPS, so port 443 must be open on the appliance or instance. All TCP connections are bi-directional because packets flow in both directions.

For a Discovery cluster, the communication must be enabled for each cluster member. If there is a requirement for direct access to the Outpost UI, port 443 must be open on the Outpost. For more information, see System communications and network ports.

 Which ports are required for the BMC Discovery Outpost to scan targets, and in which direction?

The BMC Discovery Outpost uses the same ports as a BMC Discovery appliance or instance to scan targets. The BMC Discovery Outpost initiates the connection. All TCP connections are bi-directional because packets flow in both directions.
Like a scanner, the BMC Discovery Outpost, by default, checks port 135 to determine if a target is a Windows server. For more information, see Network ports used for discovery communications.

 If I install the BMC Discovery Outpost, connect it to my consolidator, and stop scanning from the scanner, will there be any duplicates in the consolidator or in CMDB?

There would be duplicates only if there has been an identity change.

 How does the BMC Discovery Outpost installed on BMC Helix Discovery differ from that installed on BMC Discovery?

The BMC Discovery Outpost is the same for BMC Helix Discovery (SaaS version) and BMC Discovery (on-premises version). There is no difference in the UI or the features.

 On the Manage > Outposts and Proxies page, what is the difference between the setting, "Discovery is ENABLED for all IP addresses on this Appliance" versus "Discovery is DISABLED on this Appliance"?

The ENABLED setting indicates that a scan is allowed to run on the appliance while the DISABLED setting indicates that a scan is not allowed to run on the appliance.

BMC Discovery Outpost administration

 How do I upgrade the BMC Discovery Outpost when the appliance version is already upgraded?

If the Auto Update feature is enabled on the BMC Discovery Outpost, the BMC Discovery Outpost is automatically upgraded when you apply the monthly TKU. For more information, see Upgrading the BMC Discovery Outpost.

 How can I take a backup of an Outpost?

BMC Discovery does not provide the facility for backing up the BMC Discovery Outpost. You could backup by using the normal methods that are used for backing up a Windows server, such as a VMWare snapshot. It is strongly recommended to separately export your credential vault on a regular basis.  

 How do I create a disaster recovery plan for the BMC Discovery Outpost?

You can simply restore the Windows server backup that you had taken earlier. It is also possible to import a backup of the credential vault if that is all that you require.

 Is it possible to create high availability for the BMC Discovery Outpost?

Currently, BMC Discovery does not support high availability for the BMC Discovery Outpost, but it will be considered for a future release.

 Is an Outpost API available?

Currently, an Outpost API is not available, but it will be considered for a future release.

BMC Discovery Outpost performance

 How can I know if the BMC Discovery Outpost is overloaded?

Scans will run longer and may eventually show timeouts. Also, check Windows to see if the BMC Discovery Outpost is paging. Note that the BMC Discovery Outpost is currently limited to 500 concurrent BMC Discovery requests.

 What is the data transfer usage for an Outpost?

The data transfer usage between the BMC Discovery Outpost and its targets will be the same as the usage between a scanning appliance or instance and its targets. The requests passed from the appliance or instance to the Outpost should be relatively small. The results sent from the Outpost to the appliance or instance will vary in size depending on the nature of the discovery.


If you have any other questions about BMC Discovery, contact Customer Support.


 

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Comments

  1. Arne kaj Winther

    Think it would be nice to call this version 12.1 and not 20.08 witch not is included in the file names of the TKU. Like to minimise confusion ??

    Jun 07, 2021 03:20
    1. Vinay Bellare

      Hi,

      Thanks for writing to us. Product versioning policy applies to all BMC products, not just BMC Discovery. We've started using the YY.MM format since the 20.02 release. For users unfamiliar with the changeover, we used "12.0" in all relevant places in the 20.02 documentation. By now, users are familiar with "20.08" and we would not be reverting to the earlier version numbering.   

      Jun 08, 2021 03:32