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The topics in this section describe import procedures for file-based import tasks (for example, CiscoWorks RME, Ipswitch WhatsUp, CSV file, Entuity Eye of the Storm). If you decide to schedule an import task, you must ensure that the import file has been exported from its source before the scheduled import time.

To add a file access device import task

  1. Navigate to Admin > Network Admin > Device Import. The Device Import Tasks page is displayed.
  2. Click Add to define a new device import task.

  3. On the Add Device Import Task Details tab, define device import task details through the displayed fields:

    Field

    Description

    Name

    Enter a unique name, up to 40 characters, for the import task.

    Annotation

    (Optional) Enter a comment or remark about the import task.

    Enabled

    (Optional) Select this option to enable the import task. By default the task is enabled.

    Auto Purge

    (Optional) Select this option to purge the import task after its scheduled execution.

    Initial Snapshot

    (Optional) Select this option if the import task should automatically back up each device's configuration file(s) during the import.

    When an import file contains a large number of new devices (for example, greater than 200 new devices), BMC Software recommends not performing the initial snapshot as part of the import operation. This enables the import to complete in a short duration. You can accomplish the initial snapshot for new devices by adding a job containing a snapshot action (Network > Actions > Jobs) or by using a scheduled policy.

    Note: If you have selected the Overwrite Device Type option and the device import task results in change in device type, snapshot is performed even if you have not selected the Initial Snapshot option.

    Format

    Specify the device import file format.

  4. In the Source field within the File Access box, specify the path of the import source file or URL.
    For example:
    • D:\BCA-Networks-Data\devices\devices.dat, http://myserver/devices.xml, or https://myserver/devices.xml
    • For other import formats:
      • Using a URL for Entuity Eye of the Storm data

         Click here for details.

        For the Source field, copy and paste the following URL: 

        http://eye-server:eye-webport/EOS/cgi/GenerateReport?of=xml&DeviceEx.filter=all&DeviceEx.attr=name%2CdevPolledIpAddr%2CsysOid&login=admin:password

        Replace the following variables with the actual values for your enterprise:

        Variable

        Description

        eye-server

        The server name or IP address where Eye of the Storm is running

        eye-webport

        The webserver port where Eye of the Storm is running

        admin

        The user name of an administrator account

        password

        The password corresponding to the user name


        For more information about other methods for specifying the source file URL see the Integrating with Entuity Eye of the Storm.

      • Using a URL for BMC Atrium Discovery and Dependency Mapping data

         Click here for details.

        For the Source field, copy and paste the following URL: 

        https://ADDM-server/ui/api/XmlApi?query=search NetworkDevice show name,#InferredElement:Inference:Associate:DiscoveryAccess.endpoint, sysobjectid&username=username&password=password

        Replace the following variables with the actual values for your enterprise:

        Variable

        Description

        ADDM-server

        The server name or IP address where BMC Atrium Discovery and Dependency Mapping is running.

        username

        The BMC Atrium Discovery and Dependency Mapping server user name.

        password

        The password corresponding to the user name Any special characters in the password such as the ampersand (&), percent sign (%) or equal sign (=) must be encoded as hexadecimal numbers (for example, %26 and so forth).


        The import file must be present and accessible to the server when the import task starts. For instructions on how to create the import source file for supported management systems, see the relevant section:

  5. In the Matching criteria field, specify how to match the imported device data to devices already in the system's device database. When a device match is found, the existing device record is updated with the imported values. When no match is found, a new device record is added using the imported values.
    You can match on either the name or the primary address, which must then appear as a field in the import data. For example, if you import from CSV and match on address, then the CSV file must include an address column and a value in each row.
    • Match by Device Name: BMC Network Automation looks for an existing device by the imported name (case-insensitive). Note that device names are unique, so only one device matches.
    • Match by Primary Interface Address Exactly: BMC Network Automation searches for an existing device by the imported address, within the device agent associated with the imported device (based on the imported device agent or the default device agent). 
    • Match by Primary Interface Address Resolved: BMC Network Automation searches for an existing device by variations on the imported address, within the device agent associated with the imported device. BMC Network Automation uses DNS to resolve the supplied address into an IP address, a host name, and a fully-qualified host name, and then tries to match an existing device's address to any of these values. If multiple matches result, then the device is skipped.

      Matching by address allows device names to be changed during import (though the resulting name must be unique). If multiple matches result (as addresses need not be unique), then the device is skipped.
  6. In the Repeat field, specify how often to repeat the import task. You can choose between a one-time occurrence (Import Once), or a recurring task (Import Daily, Import Weekly, or Import Monthly).
  7. In the Import Time box, set the import time. The time setting depends on your selection in the the Repeat field:

    Repeat setting

    Time setting

    Import Once

    Either set the import time to Now or specify a date and time (hour and minute) in the future.

    Import Daily

    Specify the time (hour and minute) to execute the import task each day.

    Import Weekly

    Specify the time (hour and minute) and day(s) of the week to execute the import task.

    Import Monthly

    Specify the day of the month and import time to execute the import task.

  8. In the Dynamic Menu Fields box, select whether to accept or reject unknown menu values for dynamic fields during the import, as detailed in the following table:

    Primary conditionSecond conditionThird conditionResult action
    Menu value already exists for the dynamic fieldNot applicableNot applicableThe Accept/Reject Unknown Values setting is ignored. The device record is imported.
    Menu value does not existAccept Unknown Values is selectedNot applicableThe new menu value is added to the list of available menu items, and the device record is imported.
    Reject Unknown Values is selectedField is required and has no default valueThe device record is not imported.
    Field is required and has a default valueThe device record is imported, and that field is set to the default value.
    Field is not requiredThe device record is imported, and that field is set to the default value (if any).
  9. In the Scope box, configure the following settings:
    • Process: Specify which devices to process in the import file.
      • All Devices From the Import Source: This option processes new and existing (that is, overwrite) devices during the import.
      • Only New Devices From the Import Source: This option only imports devices that are not found in the database.
      • Only Existing Devices From the Import Source: This option only imports devices that are found in the database.
    • Overwrite Device Type: Specify for existing devices, if the Device Type (for example, Cisco CatOS Switch) should be overwritten with a new Device Type (for example, Cisco IOS Switch/Router). Configuration files for the old device type are kept in the archive. For example, this feature is helpful when converting Cisco CatOS devices to Cisco IOS devices. You must select this option to overwrite an existing device type.

      Note

      If you have selected this option and the device import task results in change in device type, snapshot is performed even if you have not selected the Initial Snapshot option.

  10. On the Defaults tab, set device inventory default values (optional) for each imported device.

    Note

    During the import operation, values for device fields are assigned based on the following precedence order:

    1. Field is assigned based on the import file
    2. Field is assigned based on the existing value in the device database record
    3. Field is assigned the default supplied on the device import task Default Tab
    4. Field is assigned a default value assigned by the system
    5. Field is left blank (only if the field is not mandatory)

      Based on this precedence, the Defaults in the import task are only used when the field is not assigned in either the import file or the current device database record. Assigning Defaults is only applicable for new devices or unassigned field values on existing devices.
  11. Click Save to save and schedule the new import task.
    After the import tasks completes, you can view the status of the import by selecting the Status tab.

    Click the view details link on the Status tab to display a detailed import status report. This report is also available from the Import list under Execution Status.

Where to go from here

After importing devices for the first time, the following procedures are recommended:

  • For those fields not imported, use the device Mass Edit feature to assign fields common to a set of devices (for example username, password, privilege password, access type) or edit each device individually.
  • If you did not select Initial Snapshot on the Import tasks, perform a manual snapshot operation to retrieve the current configuration files.