This documentation refers to a previously released version of BMC Discovery.
See the information on this topic for the latest version (11.2) or version 11.1.

The discovery system runs various scripts through the login session to obtain information from the host systems. From the BMC Discovery user interface, you can:

  • View scripts
  • Amend scripts (edit script parameters; enable or disable scripts)

However, the BMC Discovery UI does not enable you to add new scripts. Where this topic refers to default scripts, it refers to the discovery scripts that were shipped with the release. For example, in a version 10.1 appliance, the default scripts are those that shipped with 10.1. If you upgrade the appliance to version 11.0, the default scripts are those that shipped with version 11.0.

If you have just upgraded your installation and have not updated the discovery scripts, you can use the Discovery Platforms page to view the script differences and choose to upgrade to the current version by clicking Reset to Default. This enables you, post-upgrade, to view the script differences and choose to upgrade to the current version by clicking Reset to Default.

To view the existing scripts

  1. From the main menu, click the Administration icon.

  2. The Administration page displays.

  3. In the Discovery section, click Platforms.
    The Discovery Platforms page lists the categories for which discovery commands are provided. Each category displays headers that link to pages containing details of discovery methods used. Some additional information associated with a header might be displayed as a tooltip. The following table summarizes the available discovery methods in these pages.

    Category

    Discovery method

    Windows discovery

    The discovery methods used are WMI, RemQuery, and SNMP.

    Windows discovery uses WMI and RemQuery as the primary method of discovery. Even though two different techniques are used as the primary method of discovery, it is considered to be a single session. If WMI and RemQuery access fails to establish the initial session, Windows discovery attempts to use SNMP. After an initial session is established, Discovery does not attempt another session (for example, if WMI and RemQuery establishes the initial session but discovery is incomplete, it does not attempt another session using SNMP).

    UNIX, Linux & Related Discovery

    The discovery methods used are Shell Scripts and SNMP. For VMware ESX and ESXi platforms, vSphere API calls are used.

    UNIX, Linux, and related discovery uses an interactive login (ssh, telnet, or rlogin) and running shell scripts as the primary method of discovery (for VMware ESX and ESXi platforms, vSphere API calls are used as the primary method of discovery). If the primary method of discovery fails to establish the initial session, Discovery attempts SNMP. After an initial session is established, Discovery does not attempt another session (for example, if interactive login and running shell scripts establish the initial session, even if some scripts fail or commands are not successfully executed, Discovery does not attempt another session with SNMP).

    Mainframe

    Discovery uses the MainView Host Server to obtain mainframe information.

    SNMP supported platforms

    SNMP discovery is supported for all devices with an accessible SNMP agent. Discovery supports SNMP v1, v2c, and v3.

  4. Where the discovery scripts have been changed from the default, a change bar is shown to the left of the platform name.

Amending the existing scripts

You can only edit and enable or disable selected shell scripts from the Discovery Platforms page. You can only view and not amend the following methods:

  • WMI
  • RemQuery
  • SNMP
  • vSphere
  • Mainframe

To amend existing scripts:

  1. On the Discovery Platforms page, click the OS link corresponding to the commands you want to edit.
  2. Click the Shell Scripts tab.
    The commands for the OS are displayed. The following table describes the fields on this page:

    Field name

    Details

    Download host script

    To download the entire script, click this link.

    Path

    To edit the command path that is set when a shell is opened on the target, click the corresponding Edit link.
    Just the command path displayed is set; it is not added to any existing path in the user environment.

    Show All Scripts

    To display a view-only version of all scripts, click this link.

    Method

    Displays the discovery method used.
    An asterisk (*) indicates methods that will successfully create a host.

    Script

    To display a view-only version of a script, click this link for the corresponding script.

    Some scripts might be marked as Privileges. This designation means that a normal login does not have sufficient access rights to get all of the information required. In this case, the root, or another user with higher access rights, is used.

    Enabled

    Indicates whether the script is enabled.

    Actions

    In the Actions column, the following options are available:

    • Edit—To edit the script, click this link. You can edit the discovery script and notes, and enable or disable the script.
    • Disable or Enable—To change the enable and disable status of a script, click this link.
    • Download—To download a copy of a script, click this link. You can then edit it in a text editor and save it locally.
    • Upload—To upload a script to replace the existing one, click this link.
      Where you edit or replace an existing script, a red change bar shows that the script has been changed and an additional Reset To Default link is displayed. Click this link to reset the script to the default.

    Maximum Line Length

    The maximum line length of an interactive script is OS and shell dependent, and exceeding such a limit will cause the commands to fail. Ensuring that all lines in discovery scripts contain fewer than 128 characters will prevent such a failure from occurring.

  3. Click Apply to save the changes.

Additional discovery

In addition to the standard discovery commands described in the previous section, additional discovery methods can be called by patterns. For more information, see manual pattern execution and DiscoveryAccess page. The following methods are used:

  • getFileInfo—Used where a pattern uses the discovery.fileGet to return a file. The result is stored in a DiscoveredFile node.
  • getFileMetadata—Used where a pattern uses the discovery.fileInfo to return the metadata on a file. The result is stored in a DiscoveredFile node with no content attribute.
  • runCommand—Used where a pattern uses the discovery.runCommand function to run a command on a host during its execution. The result is stored in a DiscoveredCommandResult node.
  • getDirectoryListing—Used where a pattern uses the discovery.listDirectory function to return a list of the directory contents. Returns a list of DiscoveredDirectoryEntry nodes.

Returning command exit status data

The commands that Discovery runs on UNIX hosts are all standard UNIX commands that you can view through the UI. When Discovery runs these commands, they return an exit status code. Discovery provides the ability to record exit status codes and output to stderr where commands fail. Success is not recorded.

Bear in mind standard scripting techniques when editing these commands. For example, some Discovery commands use pipelines and might need to be modified so as not to mask the desired exit status code. Exit status codes are OS, OS version, and command dependent. Consult your OS documentation for information about exit status codes and their meanings.

Recording the exit status

To record exit status, you must prefix the discovery commands with tw_capture. The first parameter is a name used to identify the captured information. The second parameter is the command to run, and any further parameters are passed to the command; or example:

tw_capture fileinfo_foo ls -ld /usr/bin/foo

To enable capture of output using tw_capture, /tmp on the target host must be writable by the discovering account.

You can record an exit status from commands used in a pipeline; for example:

tw_capture foo dpkg -l '*' | egrep '^ii '

It can also be used in backticks; for example, when running a command and assigning the result to a shell variable:

dns_domain=`tw_capture hostname -d | sed -e 's/(none)//'`

The following screen shows two example tw_capture commands: one that will succeed, and one that will fail. These commands have been added to the start of the getDeviceInfo method:

To view the exit status

After you have added the tw_capture commands and discovered a host, causing the method to be run, you can see any script failures by viewing the appropriate method link on the Discovery Access page.

  1. From the Discovery Recent Runs tab, click the discovery run that you used to scan the host.
  2. Click DiscoveryAccess.
    If it is a link to a single DiscoveryAccess, then that DiscoveryAccess page is shown. If there are multiple DiscoveryAccesses, a list page is displayed.
  3. Click the method link for the method that you edited to add the return status.
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