This documentation refers to a previously released version of BMC Discovery.
See the information on this topic for the latest version (11.2) or version 11.1.

You can install BMC Discovery by using a virtual appliance. This section provides information about how to perform the installation. For information about the supported virtualization platforms, see supported virtualization platforms. After you install the Virtual Appliance, configure it to have sufficient resources for its intended use.

Because extending resources on the Virtiual Appliance is challenging if it has been in use, BMC recommends that you configure your Virtual Appliance post-installation as a best practice. For more information, see Sizing guidelines for Virtual Appliance.

No OS customizations are supported on the appliance

The BMC Discovery software is delivered as an appliance model, virtual or physical, which includes the entire software stack from a Linux OS and the BMC application software. The OS must not be treated for general purpose use, but rather as a tightly integrated part of the BMC Discovery solution. If you need to customize the OS, you must use the command line level if explicitly described in this online documentation, or under the guidance of BMC Customer Support. For any urgent business need to change the OS configuration, contact BMC Customer Support.

Third party software

BMC Discovery is built as an appliance that is not intended to have any additional software installed on it. If you have an urgent business need to install additional software on the appliance, see the third party software support page.

The following topics are covered in this section:

Before you begin

Before you start the installation procedure, make sure that:

  • You have identified a server onto which you will deploy your BMC Discovery virtual appliance
  • The server has sufficient spare resources to support the intended configuration of the virtual appliance.
  • You have identified the VMware Administrator who will be installing the virtual appliance.

 

Installing BMC Discovery on a VMware appliance

The following section describes the steps for installing BMC Discovery on various versions and flavors of VMWare.

To install on VMware Virtual Infrastructure (ESX/ESXi)—4.1 and later

You must add a CD-ROM drive to the virtual machine before you start the virtual machine and VMware tools. For additional information about For full information, see the VMware documentation.

  1. Copy and extract the BMC Discovery Virtual Appliance zip file to the local file system.
  2. In VMware Virtual Infrastructure, from the File menu, select Deploy OVF Template.
  3. Specify the file name of the BMC Discovery OVF file in the Filename dialog box, or click Browse... to locate the file.
  4. Click Next.
    Review the details provided.
  5. Click Next and provide a name for the virtual machine.
  6. Click Next and choose datastore location for the virtual machine.
  7. Click Next and choose thin or thick disk format.
    The default is thick which pre-allocates all disk space.
  8. Click Next and Review the configuration.
  9. Click Finish to proceed.
    A progress bar is displayed while the virtual machine is deployed.
  10. Click the Hardware tab and click Add.
  11. Select DVD/CD-ROM Drive and click Next.
  12. Accept the defaults for the drive.
    Optionally you can now add additional disk storage which can be managed with the disk configuration utility.
  13. Click the Hardware tab and click Add.
  14. Select Hard Disk, click Next and choose the disk capacity and other options.
    For information about recommended capacity, see the Hardware requirements.
  15. Click Next.
  16. Review the settings and click Finish.
  17. Click OK to save the changes.
    You can now start the virtual machine.

To install on VMware Workstation 9.0 and later

  1. Copy and extract the BMC Discovery Virtual Appliance zip file to the local file system.
  2. In VMware Workstation, from the File menu, select Open.
  3. Enter the file name of the BMC Discovery OVF file into Filename, or click select OVF as the file type and click Browse... to locate the file.
  4. Click Open.
  5. Enter a name for the virtual machine and click Import.
    VMware Workstation imports the virtual machine and the virtual machine is displayed in the virtual machine library.

To install on VMware Player—8.0.2 and later

If you double-clicking the OVF virtual machine on Windows platform, an "Invalid option t" error message is displayed. Use the following steps to install the VM on Windows on 8.0.2 or later:

  1. Copy and extract the BMC Discovery Virtual Appliance zip file to the local file system.
  2. In VMware Player, from the File menu, select Open.
  3. Enter the file name of the BMC Discovery OVF file into Filename, or click select OVF as the file type and click Browse... to locate the file.
  4. Click Open.
  5. Enter a name for the virtual machine and click Import.
    VMware Player imports the virtual machine.
  6. When imported, the virtual machine appears in the virtual machine library.

Performing post-installation steps

After completing the installation, you must perform the post-installation procedures described in this section.

 

To install VMware Tools

VMware Tools is required but is not installed on the shipped BMC Discovery Virtual Appliance. This is because the correct version of the tools is dependent on the version of the VMware host. When you have installed the BMC Discovery Virtual Appliance, you must always install VMware Tools. You can re-run the VMware tools script at a later date from the default location of: /usr/bin/vmware-install.pl. For more information, see the documentation available on the VMware Support site.

  1. From VMware Infrastructure Client, right click the virtual machine in the left pane.
  2. Select Install/Upgrade VMware Tools. This makes a virtual CD device available to the virtual machine.
  3. Log in to the virtual machine command line, and change to the root user.
  4. To determine the device name/drive name for the currently installed and connected CD-ROMs or DVD-ROMs, issue the following command:
    cat /proc/sys/dev/cdrom/info | grep "drive name"
  5. Issue the following commands ():
    1. mkdir /mnt/cdrom
    2. mount -t iso9660 /dev/<device> /mnt/cdrom
      where <device> is the device name reported in step 4.
    3. Type one of the following commands depending on whether VMware Tools is supplied on the virtual CD as an RPM, or a tar file.
      1. If you have an rpm, change the XXX-nnnnnn in the file name to the version presented by your VMware product when typing the following command:
        rpm -i /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-XXX-nnnnnn.x86_64.rpm
        umount /mnt/cdrom
      2. If there is a tar file, change the XXX-nnnnnn in the file name to the version presented by your VMware product when typing the following commands:
        mkdir /usr/tideway/vmware-tools
        cd /usr/tideway/vmware-tools
        tar zxvf /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-XXX-nnnnnn.tar.gz
        umount /mnt/cdrom
        cd vmware-tools-distrib
        ./vmware-install.pl
  6. Respond to the configuration questions on the screen. Press Enter to accept the default value.

Setting up NTP

It is essential to configure ntp on your BMC Discovery Virtual Appliance. If significant clock skews occur then it can impact the functioning of the system or even prevent the BMC Discovery product from starting. VMware have documented their recommended timekeeping best practices for Linux based VMs. The KnowledgeBase article can be found here.

Configuring the appropriate time zone

It is sensible to configure the Virtual Appliance to be in the time zone appropriate to its location. See Localizing the appliance for more information about this.

 

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6 Comments

  1. Step 5 - cii is not working. We are getting permission denied while running ./vmware-install.pl even with root or sudo.

    perl vmware-install.pl is working fine.

     

    1. Hi Mike,

      We've updated the documentation to use a more appropriate location. As part of STIG compliance work in 11.0, the 'noexec' flag is now set on /tmp meaning that you cannot directly execute vmware-install.pl when it is in /tmp.

      Thanks!

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