Defining business goals for the service model
The most basic step involved in defining a service model is defining the specific business goals that you hope to achieve with the model.
To do so, the IT group must engage the business managers in defining short-term, mid-term, and long-term goals for the enterprise. These goals guide the design and development of deliverables for all service model development phases and define the amount of time and effort required for development and implementation.
Some possible goals are:
- Business continuity and service availability — This type of implementation is driven from the top and makes sure that IT is delivering their services as agreed. It consists of a business-centric model in which business processes, services, and service level agreements (SLAs) rely on a small number of vital IT components that measure the pulse of the underlying environment.
- Business-focused operational efficiency — This type of implementation is likely to involve various populations and centers of management in the enterprise. It consists of a balanced representation of the operational environment, encompassing the IT components, such as systems and applications, and the logical components, such as services, and other business objects.
- Operational efficiency — This type of implementation is run by and for the IT group. It consists of a thin layer of logical groups on top of a large number of IT resources, ranging from applications and systems to hard disks and other hardware components. Services are logical groupings that provide a convenient way of classifying the technical resources. For example, you might use an email service to classify all of the servers and software required to enable people to send and receive email.