FAQs and additional resources

This topic provides information that supplements the BMC Server Automation documentation. It contains the following sections:

Frequently asked questions

This section provides answers to frequently asked questions (FAQs) about BMC Server Automation.

General questions


 When is the end of support for my version of BMC Server Automation? Is my version supported? (Should I be thinking about upgrading?)

For supported version information, see the following BMC Support Support page:
http://webapps.bmc.com/support/faces/az/prodallversions.jsp?seqid=164625
Note that as of June 26, 2012, version 7.x releases are no longer supported.

 Where can I find information about the platforms currently supported for BMC Server Automation product versions?

You can find information about the supported platform for BMC Server Automation on BMC Support Central, under Product Availability and Compatibility.

 Where is the Knowledge Base?

The BMC Knowledge Base (which includes answers for common problems with BMC Server Automation) is located at https://bmcsites.force.com/casemgmt/sc_CoveoSearch#q=BMC%20Server%20Automation&t=KB&sort=relevancy

 What ports and protocols does BMC Server Automation require?

See the ports and protocols list.

 Where can I find the build number for a release?

You can find the build number for the various releases (base version, SPs, and patches) in Preparing for a Windows upgrade using the unified product installer or Preparing for a Linux or UNIX upgrade using the unified product installer.

 Where can I find information about the integration of BMC Server Automation with BMC ProactiveNet?

See the following documentation resources:

  • For information about enabling the retrieval of change information from BMC BladeLogic Server Automation for Probable Cause Analysis (PCA), see the chapter about integrating with BMC Server Automation in the BMC ProactiveNet User Guide.
  • For information about transferring data to BMC PATROL and BMC ProactiveNet regarding the status, availability, and performance of hosts and servers managed by BMC Server Automation, see the online documentation for BMC PATROL for BMC Server Automation and BMC ProactiveNet Automation Server Monitoring.

 Where can I find information about the third party software versions included with BMC Server Automation?

You can find information about the included software versions in the Third-party software section of the Minimum software requirements topic and in the Browsing discovered software applications topic.

Installation and upgrade questions


 What are the Supported upgrade paths for BMC Server Automation?

You can find information about the supported upgrade paths for BMC Server Automation in the Upgrading using individual component installers section of the online technical documentation (in the Preparing for a Windows upgrade using the unified product installer or Preparing for a Linux or UNIX upgrade using the unified product installer topics).

 Where can I find deployment architecture recommendations for implementing BMC Server Automation?

You can find deployment architecture recommendations in the following Planning section: Deployment use cases

 What do I do if I just upgraded and am getting errors in Jobs that reference Custom/Server Objects?
 How to debug the failures reported during psexec commands ?

Check the debug level rscd.log file on the Psexec server.
You can also try to convert the blpsexec command from rscd.log to native psexec command and try to execute it on psexec server from Administrative command prompt (cmd.exe started as “Run as Administrator”).

blpsexec command: blpsexec -s winserv.bmc.com -u Administrator -p TNEKNUDRFET -h cmd /c hostname

psexec command: psexec \\winserv.bmc.com -u Administrator -p password_of_Administrator_user -h cmd /c hostname


General product usage


 I'm having trouble with an RSCD agent. How do I open up the permissions temporarily?

Use the following process:

  1. Start by looking at the rscd.log. Who are your requests currently mapping to? If it is someone who does not exist in your users or users.local file, consider adding a temporary definition for them.
  2. Remove the "nouser" line from the users file.
  3. Change the contents of the exports file so that it contains a single line: "* rw,user=root" or "* rw,user=Administrator" (or the name of your local admin account).

Once you have finished troubleshooting, make sure to restore the original configuration.

 What do I do if my Application Server will not start up?

The following list shows some common causes for this issue:

  • Review the Application Server log and look for a Java stack trace; this usually indicates the issue.
  • A few common things can cause problems with the Application Server start up:
    • The File Server RSCD Agent is not licensed (for pre-8.2 versions).
    • ACLs were pushed to the File Server agent.
      • Add a 'System:System  rw,map=<root|Administrator>' to the users.local on the File Server agent.
 I have multiple Application Servers but I cannot see all Application Server status in the Infrastructure Manager window.

In this case, you need to synchronize the bladelogic.keystore across all Application Servers.

See To synchronize keystore files of multiple Application Servers for more information.

 How do I configure NSH/ZSH command history to persist across sessions?

See the following Knowledge Article for information on this issue:
Knowledge Article ID: 000022404

 Where can I find sizing recommendations for Application Servers?

You can find recommendations for sizing Application Servers in Sizing Application Servers.

 Where can I find "how to" information for specific user scenarios?

You can find a list of user contributed tutorial information in the BMC Contributor topics topic.

In addition, the taking the reins article on Communities includes additional videos and "how to" information.

 Are videos available that help to explain how to accomplish specific user tasks?
See the PDFs and videos topic for a list of all videos.

In addition, the taking the reins article on Communities includes additional videos and "how to" information.



Patch management

 How do I make sure my catalog does not get any new patches?

If the catalog is in Online mode, updating the catalog obtains any new patches or modifies existing patches that have changed. To prevent new patches from being downloaded, do not run the Catalog Update Job until you need new patches in the catalog.
If the catalog is in Offline mode, then to prevent new patches from being downloaded, you must ensure:

  • The source location has not been updated by re-running the downloader
  • The metadata file(s), if applicable, in the depot have not been changed since the last run

If you ensure the preceding items, running a Catalog Update Job does not add any new patch metadata or modify existing patch metadata.

 How do I make sure that my patching job remediates servers on execution?

While creating the Patching Job, from the Deploy Job options menu within the Remediation Options panel, select the Execute job now option. The same options are available while creating a remediation job from the Analysis results.

 How do I make sure that I run analysis every x hours?

You can specify a schedule for any Job to ensure that it is executed every x hours.

 How do I ensure that my catalog contains only attributes that meet "my" criteria?

You must create a custom property on an appropriate depot object. For example, to set certain criteria on a Windows Hotfix object, by selecting Property Dictionary View > Built-in Property Classes > Hotfix, you can add a new property. You can then create a new smart group using an appropriate condition to include this new property.

 How do I know which filters are missing from my Windows catalog to cover all products installed on all my targets that have been added to my patching job?

The job log of the Patching Job displays a warning message that indicates the filters that must be added so that all products on all targets that are part of the Patching Job are analyzed in the next run of the Patching Job. A sample warning message is shown below.

WarningSep 8, 2010 6:15:54 PMPatches belonging to following filters were found missing during analysis:
Skype, English
Adobe, English
Windows Media Player, English
Microsoft Office, English
Microsoft Office 2007, English
SQL Server 2005, English
Flash, English
Microsoft Office 2003, English
.Net Framework, English
Microsoft Windows XP, English
Please update your catalog with these filters to avoid any vulnerabilities
 How do I get more details about the Deploy Job that was executed when I installed patches on my targets?

You can use the drop-down list in the Deploy Job options settings to get the desired information about the execution of that Deploy Job. For example, if you select the All Information option within Logging level, subsequent execution of the Deploy Job provides you with all information about the Deploy Job execution.

Troubleshooting


 How can I determine where BMC Server Automation is installed?

On UNIX, look in /etc/lib/rsc/HOME or /usr/lib/rsc/HOME. If that file does not exist, you are running a local or self-contained installation, and will need to derive the installation location from running processes. For example:

Linux:

ls -la /proc/`ps -ef | grep rscw | grep -v grep | awk '{print $2}'` | grep exe | awk '{print $11}'

Solaris:

pargs -l `ps -ef | grep rscd | head -1 | awk '{print $2}'`
 Where are the RSCD Agent logs located?

On Windows: INSTALL_DIR\RSCD\rscd.log

On UNIX: INSTALL_DIR/[NSH|RSCD]/log/rscd.log

 Where is the transaction or bldeploy log?

<INSTALLDIR>\Transactions\log\bldeploy-xxxx.log

 Where is the BMC Server Automation Application Server log that contains deployment messages?

<INSTALLDIR>\br\<deployment name>.log
 
The default deployment name is appserver, while other common deployments have names such as job-1.

 How do I analyze the *Trace.txt* file that is generated by a Windows Patch Analysis Job?

For detailed instructions on analyzing the Trace.txt file, see How to analyze Trace.txt generated by a Windows Patch Analysis Job (user contribution).

For a list of frequently asked questions for Agent troubleshooting, see Frequently asked questions for agent troubleshooting.


Top Knowledge Articles from BMC Customer Support

BMC Communites maintains a list of the top 10 Knowledge Articles (KAs) as recommended by the Customer Support team for BMC BladeLogic Server Automation.

The KAs are selected by a combination of both the collective experience of the team and other quantitative factors, with the goal of sharing the most relevant and useful information in a easy to consume format.

See Top 10 Knowledge Articles for BladeLogic Server Automation on BMC Communities for the list.

Available walkthroughs

Walkthrough topics introduce you to a key BMC BladeLogic Server Automation use case (for example, compliance), and provide step by step, cookbook-style examples that demonstrate a specific aspect of that use case. 

 Click here to see a list of the topics in this space that are walkthroughs.
CategoryWalkthrough topics
Getting started with automation

Provisioning

Configuration management

Patch management

Job management

Compliance

Installing
Integrating
Database


Additional resources

The following BMC sites provide information outside of the BMC Server Automation documentation that you might find helpful:


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