Exporting and importing components using a script

You can export the following components from one BMC Network Automation system into an XML file that you can then import into another BMC Network Automation system. You also can import components that you create manually.

  • Container blueprints
  • Containers
  • Device security profiles
  • Pod blueprints
  • Pods
  • Predefined jobs
  • Rules
  • Rule sets
  • Remote file servers
  • Templates

This topic describes how to export and import components using a script.

The scripts are available in the bcan-import-export- v.r.mm.zip file in the BCAN_HOME\public\bmc\bca-networks\extras directory. When the file is unzipped, the scripts are in the bin subdirectory. The lib subdirectory contains the libraries needed to run the scripts.

Note

The string v.r.mm is a substitute for the current version of the BMC Network Automation software.

Both Linux and Microsoft Windows scripts are available. For usage information, invoke any of the scripts with a -? option. This option displays the list of input parameters.

Note

  • You can export and import components only between BMC Network Automation application servers of the same version.
  • Dependent components that you are importing should already exist in the BMC Network Automation system.

For example, when importing a predefined job containing a Deploy to Active template action, the BMC Network Automation system should already have a template by that name. Alternatively, the template can also be imported, but import it prior to importing the predefined job, or add the template to the XML file that is being imported and place it before the predefined job.

To export components using a script

Invoke the export.bat or export.sh command with the following options:

Option

Description

-?Displays help

-component component_name

Specifies the component to export:

Valid values:

  • Containers
  • ContainerBlueprints
  • DeviceSecurityProfiles
  • PodBlueprints
  • Pods
  • PredefinedJobs
  • RemoteFileServers
  • Rules
  • RuleSets
  • TemplateGroups

-containerBlueprintName container_blueprint_name

(Optional) Specifies the full name of a container blueprint; do not use wildcards in the the container blueprint name.

This option is only applicable for template groups and can be optionally used to export template groups specified by the named container blueprint.

-file filename

Specifies the name of the export file

-fileEncoding encoding

(Optional) Specifies the character encoding to be used to when creating the output file during export

Valid values: UTF-16, UTF-8 (default)

Note: For UTF-8, the file should not contain Byte Order Mark (BOM) encoding because the Java APIs do not handle UTF-8 with BOM-encoded files.

-name "filter"

(Optional) Specifies the name of the component to export

You can use wildcards; for example, Bronze container.

The following option is only applicable to container blueprints:
The number of the revision to be exported can be specified as per the following format: <ContainerBlueprintName>#<RevisionNumber>
If no filter is specified when exporting container blueprints, all revisions of the container blueprints are exported.

-password password

Specifies the BMC Network Automation server password

-url URL

Specifies the BMC Network Automation server URL in the following format: https://<server>:<port>

-user username

Specifies the BMC Network Automation server user name

-v 
Prints detailed error stack trace

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To import components using a script

Invoke the import.bat or import.sh command with the following syntax and options:

import options filename [filename ...]

Note

  • If you import components that already exist, BMC Network Automation deletes the existing component and adds the new one.

    BMC Network Automation does not merge the data of the existing component and the new component.
  • If you are importing a predefined job containing a span action with group as the span and the system contains groups with the same name in multiple realms, you must specify the realm name under the spanParams tag in the XML file being imported. If you do not specify a realm, a random group (as a span) gets associated with the job.
  • If a pod or containers with the same name already exists on the target BMC Network Automation system, that pod or container must be deleted before a new one is imported.
  • If you had exported the following components before installing BMC Network Automation and the <poolMask> tag existed, ensure that you change its value from dotted decimal format to CIDR format, otherwise, the import will fail:

    • Pod

    • Pod blueprint

    • Container

    • Container blueprint

  • A container is tightly bound to a specific BMC Network Automation system. Rarely, when you export and import pods and containers from one system to another, imported job numbers will not map to the jobs in the system to which they are imported.

    A container is imported successfully if the target system does not contain any job at all or if no existing jobs match the ones present in the imported file. If the job numbers map and you click the links of an imported container, you would be looking at incorrect information.

The following options are available for this command:

Option

Description

-?Displays help

-fileEncoding encoding

(Optional) Specifies the character encoding to be used to read the input files during import

Valid values: UTF-16, UTF-8 (default)

Note: For UTF-8, the file should not contain BOM encoding because the Java APIs do not handle UTF-8 with BOM-encoded files.

-password password

Specifies the BMC Network Automation server password

-scope scope

(Optional) Specifies the import scope that designates the components to import

Valid values:

  • all – Default
  • new – Only imports components that are not already in the database
  • existing – Reimports components and overwrites those already in the database

-url URL

Specifies the BMC Network Automation server URL in the following format: https://<server>:<port>

-user username

Specifies the BMC Network Automation server user name

-v 
Prints detailed error stack trace

Replace filename with the names of one or more XML files that were exported from a BMC Network Automation server.

These file names can contain absolute or relative paths. If a file name contains a blank space, it must be enclosed in double quotation marks (").

You can also use wildcards (for example, *myfile.xml*).

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Related topic

Exporting and importing components using APIs

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